Film Noir first came about in world war 2 when German fritz lang brought German cinema to Tinseltown. Directors of film Noir used cinematography that featured bright direct light and dark shadows and use camera angles to express there films.
Film Noir conventions:
- Film Noir is filmed in black and white.
- Normally filmed in built up town.
- foggy, soaked streets.
- flickering spooky street lamps.
- scenes appear dark, as if every scene is filmed at night with lots of dark shadows.
- sense pf hopelessness and helplessness throughout every scene.
- sense of corruption.
- scenes feel claustrophobic.
- cinematography is often distorted, putting the view at unease.
- use of irregular framing shots.
- damp and wet streets.
Film Noir films first occurred during the war in america and continued to be made in the 1940’s and 50’s. early examples of films Noir are; The Maltese falcon (1941), This guns for hire(1942) and Murder my sweet(1944). These films were firs banned in occupied country’s during the war. They then became available throughout Europe in 1946. The darkness of these films represented the disappointment of the times.
film noir revolves around heroes and many of the heroes in film noir are described as being alienated, as they are portrayed to be very bitter until the hero saves the girl at the end of the film. Crime is an element to most film noir films and greed or jealousy is usually the reason for the crimes. Film noir mainly tell a story of people who are trapped in unwanted situations who feel like they are frequently doomed.
The main themes in film noir are:
Examples of film noir:
- You Only Live Once
- Stranger On The Third Floor
- They Drive By Night
- Christmas Holiday
- Murder, My Sweet
- The Suspect
- The Woman In The Window